“Securitization from Society” and Social Acceptance: Political Party-Based Approaches in Turkey to Syrian Refugees

18/02/2021
ULUSLARARASI ILISKILER, VOLUME 17, NUMBER 68, 2020

M. Murat ERDOGAN*

ABSTRACT
The number of refugees in Turkey exceeded 4 million in a short period of time due to the civil war in Syria, and Turkey has become the country hosting the largest number of refugees from 2014 onwards. The concerns of Turkish society, which portrayed an extraordinary solidarity initially, have become apparent in terms of refugees, almost all of whom live side-by-side with Turkish society in urban areas. This paper is based on a comprehensive and representative research data about Turkish citizens’ attitudes towards Syrian refugees. This study critically analyses traditional securitisation studies and instead puts forward the concepts of the “securitization from society” and “social acceptance” to be able to analyse the views of Turkish public towards Syrian refugees.

Keywords: Syrian Refugees, Social Acceptance, Securitization, Securitization from Society, Social Cohesion

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* Prof. Dr., Director, Turkish-German University, Migration and Integration Research Center, Istanbul