Debating the Dual Citizenship – Integration Nexus in Turkey

03/12/2019

ULUSLARARASI ILISKILER, VOLUME 16, NUMBER 64, 2019

Deniz KARCI KORFALI* and Deniz ŞENOL SERT**

ABSTRACT

This article explores the institution of dual citizenship outside of the West and focuses on Turkey to assess the possible relationship between dual citizenship and the integration of migrants, drawing on Kymlicka and Norman’s (2000) dimensions of citizenship framework, with its tripartite focus on formal status, activity and identity. The research incorporates the perspectives of the three key groups of actors involved in international migration: the host state, the major sending states, and the migrants themselves. Our findings indicate that dual citizenship is neither a barrier to, nor facilitator of, integration in the citizenship dimension of activity in Turkey. Rather, integration — perceived as economic participation by the great majority of the actors — is linked not to dual citizenship per se, but to the acquisition of citizenship in the host country.

Keywords: Dual Citizenship, Integration, Immigration, Turkey, Citizenship Dimensions

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* Dr., Graduate School of Social Sciences and Humanities, Koç University

** Assoc. Prof. Dr., Department of International Relations, Özyeğin University