Going Beyond the Add-and-Stir Critique: Tracing the Hybrid Masculinist Legacies of the Performative State

13/08/2021
ULUSLARARASI ILISKILER, VOLUME 18, NUMBER 70, 2021

Amya AGARWAL*

ABSTRACT
A West-centric knowledge bias has plagued International Relations (IR) for some time, prompting many non-West scholars to develop indigenous knowledge systems. In doing so, there is, however, a risk of both essentialization of certain cultures/histories; and reproducing the hierarchic and exclusionary structure of knowledge production. Moving beyond the add and stir critique style of non-Western approaches to IR, this paper explores the significance of connections and hybrid histories to understand gendered state practices. Through a case study of state performance in Kashmir, the paper traces the hybrid masculinist legacies (colonial, Brahminical and Kshatriya) derived from both Western and non-Western histories.

Keywords: Non-Western, International Relations, State, Hybridity, Perfomativity

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* Associate Postdoctoral Fellow, Centre for Global Cooperation Research, University of Duisburg-Essen