Ontological Insecurity, Anxiety, and Hubris: An Affective Account of Turkey-KRG Relations - Ozlem KAYHAN PUSANE and Aslı ILGIT

10/03/2022
ULUSLARARASI ILISKILER, VOLUME 19, NUMBER 73, 2022
 
Ozlem KAYHAN PUSANE* and Aslı ILGIT**


ABSTRACT

Given Iraqi Kurds’ special place in Turkey’s ‘biographical narrative’, Turkey-Iraqi Kurdish Regional Government (KRG) relations are not simply strategic or economic but also highly affectively charged. These relations involve emotional encounters filled with anxiety, pride, anger, and disappointment that generate concerns for not only Turkey’s physical security but also its ontological security. This paper traces the emotional context of TurkeyKRG relationship. It suggests that a combination of Turkey’s deep-rooted ‘anxiety’ and ‘hubris’ toward the Iraqi Kurds prevented the emergence of a close partnership between these two actors and fostered merely a ‘fragile rapprochement’ since 2008.

Keywords:   Ontological security, emotions, identity, foreign policy change, Turkish foreign policy

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*   Associate Professor, Işık University, Department of International Relations, İstanbul.
**  Associate Professor, Cukurova University, Department of Political Science and International Relations, Adana.