The Complexity Effect in U.S.-Turkey Relations: The Restructuring of the Middle East Regional Security - Devrim SAHIN and Ahmet SOZEN

11/05/2022
ULUSLARARASI ILISKILER, VOLUME 19, NUMBER 74, 2022

Devrim ŞAHİN* and Ahmet SÖZEN**

ABSTRACT
This paper proposes a discussion of its core theoretical argument that the international order is more complex than
the theories generated by traditionalist state-centric approaches and critical approaches, including the regional
security complex approach. The complexity approach highlights the sensitive dependency of complex systems on the
nonlinear feedback loops and dynamic interactions by which the longer term reactions to the behavior of actors could
set off actions-reaction spirals. This path dependency is evident in the erosion of U.S.-Turkey relations which is a cause
and a consequence of the realignment in the international system and the Middle East regional system.


Keywords: Copenhagen School, path dependence, feedback loops, balance of power system, YPG

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  Ph.D. Candidate, Eastern Mediterranean University, Cyprus Policy Center.
** Professor, Eastern Mediterranean University, Cyprus Policy Center.